Category Archives: Law Enforcement

Influence Of GOP Doctors Caucus Grows As Congress Looks To Replace Health Law

“Their views are driven more by political affiliation,” said Mona Mangat, an allergist-immunologist and chairwoman of Doctors for America, a 16,000-member organization that favors the current health law. “It doesn’t make me feel great. Doctors outside of Congress do not support their views.”
Tom Price, a member of the GOP Doctor’s Caucus on Capitol Hill. at his confirmation hearings as Secretary of Health and Human Services. (Photo: NPR)

The confirmation of Tom Price, the orthopedic surgeon-turned-Georgia congressman, as secretary of Health and Human Services represents the latest victory in the ascendancy of a little-known but powerful group of conservative physicians in Congress he belongs to — the GOP Doctors Caucus.

During the Obama administration, the caucus regularly sought to overturn the Affordable Care Act, and it’s now expected to play a major role determining the Trump administration’s plans for replacement.

Robert Doherty, a lobbyist for the American College of Physicians, said the GOP Doctors Caucus has gained importance with Republicans’ rise to power. “As political circumstances have changed, they have grown more essential,” he said.

“They will have considerable influence over the considerable discussion on repeal and replace legislation,” Doherty said.

Price’s supporters have touted his medical degree as an important credential for his new position, but Price and the caucus members are hardly representative of America’s physicians in 2017. The “trust us, we’re doctors” refrain of the caucus obscures its heavily conservative agenda, critics say.

“Their views are driven more by political affiliation,” said Mona Mangat, an allergist-immunologist and chairwoman of Doctors for America, a 16,000-member organization that favors the current health law. “It doesn’t make me feel great. Doctors outside of Congress do not support their views.”

For example, while the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology has worked to increase access to abortion, the three obstetrician-gynecologists in the 16-member House caucus are anti-abortion and oppose the ACA provision that provides free prescription contraception.

While a third of the U.S. medical profession is now female, 15 of the 16 members of the GOP caucus are male, and only eight of them are doctors. The other eight members are from other health professions, including a registered nurse, a pharmacist and a dentist. The nurse, Diane Black of Tennessee, is the only woman.

On the Senate side, there are three physicians, all of them Republican.

While 52 percent of American physicians today identify as Democrats, just two out of the 14 doctors in Congress are Democrats.

About 55 percent of physicians say they voted for Hillary Clinton and only 26 percent voted for Donald Trump, according to a survey by Medscape in December.

Meanwhile, national surveys show doctors are almost evenly split on support for the health law, mirroring the general public. And a survey published in the New England Journal of Medicine in January found almost half of primary care doctors liked the law, while only 15 percent wanted it repealed.

Rep. Michael Burgess, R-Texas, a caucus member first elected in 2002, is one of the longest serving doctors in Congress. He said the anti-Obamacare Republican physicians do represent the views of the profession.

“Doctors tend to be fairly conservative and are fairly tight with their dollars, and that the vast proportion of doctors in Congress [are] Republican is not an accident,” Burgess said.

Price’s ascendancy is in some ways also a triumph for the American Medical Association, which has long sought to beef up its influence over national health policy. Less than 25 percent of AMA members are practicing physicians, down from 75 percent in the 1950s.

Price is an alumnus of a boot camp the AMA runs in Washington each winter for physicians contemplating a run for office. Price is one of four members of the caucus who went through the candidate school. In December, the AMA immediately endorsed the Price nomination, a move that led thousands of doctors who feared Price would overturn the health law to sign protest petitions.

Even without Price, Congress will have several GOP physicians in leadership spots in both the House and Senate.

Those include Rep. Phil Roe of Tennessee, the caucus co-chairman, who also chairs the House Veterans Affairs Committee, and Burgess, who chairs the House Energy and Commerce subcommittee on health. Sen. Bill Cassidy of Louisiana sits on both the Finance and the Health, Education, Labor and Pension Committees. Sen. John Barrasso of Wyoming chairs the Senate Republican Policy Committee.

Roe acknowledges that his caucus will have newfound influence. Among his goals in molding an ACA replacement are to kill the requirement that most people buy health insurance (known as the individual mandate) as well as to end the obligation that 10 essential benefits, such as maternity and mental health care, must be in each health plan.

He said the caucus will probably not introduce its own bill, but rather evaluate and support other bills. The caucus could be a kingmaker in that role. “If we came out publicly and said we cannot support this bill, it fails,” Roe said.

The GOP Doctors Caucus has played a prominent role in health matters before Congress. For example, in 2015, when former House Speaker John Boehner needed help to permanently repeal a Medicare payment formula that threatened physicians with double-digit annual fee cuts, he turned to the GOP Doctors Caucus. It got behind a system to pay doctors based on performance — the so-called doc fix.

“When the speaker had a unified doctors’ agreement in his coat pocket, he could go to Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi and show that, and that had a lot to do with how we got this passed,” Roe said.

But not all doctors are unified behind the caucus. Rep. Raul Ruiz, one of the two physicians in the House who are Democrats, said he worries because few doctors in Congress are minorities or primary care doctors.

Ruiz, an emergency room physician from California who was elected in 2012, said he is wary about Price leading HHS because he is concerned Price’s policies would increase the number of Americans without insurance.

Indeed, many doctors feel the caucus’ proposals will not reflect their views — or medical wisdom. “My general feeling whenever I see any of their names, is that of contempt,” said Don McCanne of California, a senior fellow and past president of the Physicians for a National Health Program. “The fact that they all signed on to repeal of ACA while supporting policies that would leave so many worse off demonstrated to me that they did not represent the traditional Hippocratic traditions which place the patient first.”

Christina Jewett contributed reporting. This story also appeared on National Public Radio (NPR).

Kaiser Health News (KHN) is a national health policy news service. It is an editorially independent program of the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation.

That won’t attract any attention

How to throw the cops off your trail for good.

Blue Lives Matter, mostly when those blue lives are white people

A retired NY corrections officer who is simply shopping for groceries in a supermarket is mistaken by a posse of white officers for another black man who was suspected of shoplifting:

A retired Nassau County corrections officer claims he was beaten by officers in a case of mistaken identity.

Ronald Lanier said he was shopping in the Western Beef Supermarket in Mineola on Nov. 30 when he was tackled, handcuffed and beaten by officers with the Garden City Police Department.

“I’ve never been cursed, physically abused, beaten and treated like a slave as I was two days ago,” Lanier said, breaking down as he described how he landed in handcuffs and in a hospital. “For somebody to grab me by the neck in the supermarket, and I’m telling you, ‘I’m one of you,’ and you disrespect it — it was like you’re just another black dude.”

“They cursed at him, they abused him verbally, they then start to beat him,” his attorney, Fred Brewington, told 1010 WINS. “He was taking blows with his hands cuffed behind him as he laid face down.”


“I’m tired of hearing officers constantly talking about we have to retrain. We don’t have to retrain, we got to let them be held accountable for their actions,” Lanier said. “Imagine if I had my gun at that time. It could have went either way.”

“We are hoping Garden City Police Department will come forward with respect, identifying their officers, disciplining their officers,” said Dennis Jones, with the National Organization of Black Law Enforcement Executives.

The Garden City Police Department declined to share its side of the story with CBS2, but provided context, saying they were chasing a fleeing shoplifting suspect who abandoned a getaway car on the railroad tracks and fled into the supermarket, Carolyn Gusoff reported.

Brewington said his client spent 20 minutes inside a squad car before he was let go without receiving an apology.

“The sergeant, without any apology or any other way of making it clear that they were acknowledging the mistake that they had made, just said cut him loose,” Brewington said.

You can read the rest here.

I have no issues with highlighting the fact that blue lives matter. Cops have a tough and dangerous job and at times their motives are questioned afterward in situations where they reasonably thought they were in mortal danger.

But acknowledging that truth demands that we acknowledge another reality: many cops are racist and arrest, beat and kill black men not because they think their lives are in danger — this was a shoplifting suspect they were allegedly pursuing this time — but rather because the culture of law enforcement is rife with racism.

Photo: Newsday. Ronald Lanier gives a tearful press conference regarding his being beaten by a gang of white officers.
Photo: Newsday. Ronald Lanier gives a tearful press conference regarding his being beaten by a gang of white officers.


Trump has picked a conspiracy theorist as national security adviser


This article by the New Yorker, which has done as well or better than any national magazine in bringing us political coverage that matters, fills in some of the blanks on Michael Flynn —  who called “Islamism” a “vicious cancer inside the body of 1.7 billion people” that has to be “excised” during an August speech — who has been tapped by Trump to be his national security adviser.

As Flynn’s public comments became more and more shrill, McChrystal, Mullen, and others called Flynn to urge him to “tone it down,” a person familiar with each attempt told me. But Flynn had found a new boss, Trump, who enlisted him in the fight against the Republican and Democratic Party establishments. Flynn was ready. At the Republican National Convention, Flynn boiled over in front of an audience of millions. He led the crowd in chants of “Lock her up! Lock her up!” His former colleagues say they were shocked by what they saw.

What Flynn saw was corruption: Clinton, the media, the Justice Department, the intelligence community—they are all corrupt. I spoke to Flynn three months ago, while working on a profile of him for the Washington Post. “Is this some kind of hatchet job!” he roared into the phone when I asked why, exactly, he thought Clinton should be in jail.

The lifelong intelligence officer, who once valued tips gleaned from tribal reporters, has become a ready tweeter of hackneyed conspiracy theories. He reposts the vitriol of anti-Semitic and anti-Muslim commentators. “Fear of Muslims is RATIONAL,” he tweeted in February, linking to a false claim that Islam wants eighty per cent of humanity enslaved or exterminated. “U decide,” he posted one week before the election, along with the headline from a linked story that appeared on a Web site called True Pundit: “NYPD Blows Whistle on New Hillary Emails: Money Laundering, Sex Crimes w/Children, etc. . . . MUST READ!”

And then there is this;

Flynn also began to seek the Washington spotlight. But, without loyal junior officers at his side to vet his facts, he found even more trouble. His subordinates started a list of what they called “Flynn facts,” things he would say that weren’t true, like when he asserted that three-quarters of all new cell phones were bought by Africans or, later, that Iran had killed more Americans than Al Qaeda. In private, his staff tried to dissuade him from repeating these lines.

Flynn’s temper also flared. He berated people in front of colleagues. Soon, according to former associates, a parallel power structure developed within the D.I.A. to fence him in, and to keep the nearly seventeen-thousand-person agency working. “He created massive antibodies in the building,” the former colleague said.

Just the kind of guy we want advising the president of the United States on how to respond to national security emergencies.

Oy. It’s going to be a long four years. 

Via:  The Disruptive Career of Michael Flynn, Trump’s National-Security Adviser — The New Yorker



Feeding crime and the prison system with failed mental health care

Photo: The Oklahoman
Photo: The Oklahoman
While there may not be as much excellent investigative journalism going on in Red State America as, say, on the coasts, this currently ongoing series in The Oklahoman is very good stuff.

It details the failures in a state with one of the lowest levels of spending on mental health care in the nation and the result: making being mentally ill a crime, with out-of-control spending on prisons instead of treatment.

Years ago, when Oklahoma closed its large psychiatric hospitals, the state inadvertently turned patients into inmates.

For decades, Oklahoma has spent among the least in the nation on its mental health system.

Meanwhile, Oklahoma has one of the highest rates of adults with serious mental illnesses. Only one of three Oklahomans who need treatment receives it.

Oklahoma has, instead, chosen to spend its dollars on the least effective, costliest form of “treatment” — the criminal justice system.

The cost of a year of state-funded mental health treatment: $2,000.

The cost of a year in prison for someone with serious mental illness: $23,000.

At last count, 60 percent of the Oklahoma Department of Corrections’ population, 17,000 people, have either symptoms or a history of mental illness. It’s the equivalent of jailing 20 percent of Edmond.

State Health Commissioner Terry Cline said the state of Oklahoma has prioritized funding its criminal justice system over mental health and addiction services.

“What does it mean when jail is better than being at home?” Cline said. “That is a real symptom, to me, of a broken system where people don’t have access to those services in the community.”

This system of incarcerating the mentally ill, repeated in places across the nation, is particularly cruel in Oklahoma:

A months-long investigation by The Oklahoman, including the examination of hundreds of pages of jail inspection reports, found that mentally ill inmates are dying at an alarming rate, leaving their families and the taxpayers with the burden.

In the first of a four-part series, The Oklahoman examines how four Oklahomans died in jails across the state. Their families share a common experience: not giving up on the people they loved. Collectively, they’ve driven hundreds of miles across the state in search of care, and they’ve faced many of the same barriers. And despite their best efforts, they all got the same phone call.

The 77 county jails sprinkled throughout Oklahoma are providing medical and mental health care in 77 different ways, if they’re providing care at all. Some jails train staff to some degree about mental illness. Others provide nothing, which can lead to the mistreatment of people with mental illnesses who often are viewed in the eyes of an untrained officer as an inmate who won’t follow instructions.

“We celebrated the closings of these large hospitals — we were proud of it, and it was the right thing to do,” said Brose, of Mental Health Association Oklahoma. “But what we’ve done is basically replaced it with a system that’s worse. Now it’s incarceration, and there are not mental health professionals treating people and caring for them. It’s correctional officers, being asked to do something they’re not properly trained to do.”

Part One and Part Two can be found here. Part Three and Part Four are upcoming on Nov. 27 and Dec. 4.

Don’t be too judgmental of Oklahoma’s situation. This is the way things are done across America and the rest of us — including law enforcement — pay the price because so many crimes are committed by people who are cycling through the revolving doors of the prison system without effective, ongoing treatment options — in or out of incarceration.

Gay police sergeant makes us wonder: porn stars have agents?

Sgt. Jonathan E. Moore, a 35-year-old Schenectady police sergeant, is in a bit of a fix after admitting he made some adult films with his live-in boyfriend.
Sgt. Jonathan E. Moore, a 35-year-old Schenectady police sergeant, is in a bit of a fix after admitting he made some adult films with his live-in boyfriend.

Just one of the odd “facts” coming out about the case of a gay Schenectady full-time police sergeant and part-time porn actor who must now be making every LGBT cop facepalm.

Queerty has some of the weirdness that is this tale:

[Moore] also claimed to have “debt issues,” so Aubin promised to “help me get out of debt” by producing “gay porn” films for a Florida company called Bear Films.

This is where things somehow get even more peculiar.

“I researched them and they are a legitimate company,” Moore said. “Anthony accepted a contract with Bear Films and I ultimately took a job with them as well…”

Alas, the Bear Films deal fell apart, so the men allegedly began working with another adult film company, FratX, who produce ungodly “frat gang rape” videos in grubby dorm rooms.

Allegedly, the company — FratX — was going to wire “salaries” to Aubin and Moore into an SEFCU bank account, but reportedly their agent — their agent — said the transaction warranted a “suspicious activities” report and thus the money was held up at the bank.

Moore claimed the amount owed was roughly $400,000.

So, with the confidence that their $400,000 check from Frat X would be cleared soon enough, Moore says he and Aubin immediately ran out and planned to buy a new house and new car. Like most people do when they receive their first six-figure paycheck from a frat boy adult film studio.

My, my, my.

What a mess.

I know nothing about this case personally, so this is just a guess, but I would be shocked if drugs were not somehow involved in this somewhere. 

Nobody fucks up this much after leading a normal life for so long without some chemical interference. Especially the part about letting a shady character into your life whom, under normal circumstances, you likely wouldn’t let into your front door.

I find the Queerty article to be amusing, but I also have the feeling that LGBT cops everywhere who have to walk the straight and narrow at work feel betrayed when other gay cops pull shit like this.


Again with the “I heard [some thing] …” BS from Trump/Pence


The burden of proof for Trump/Pence ticket to inject some outlandish “fact” is so ridiculously low as to be non-existent, as this clip shows when Mike Pence tries to say he “heard” that authorities were going to arrest Hillary Clinton not long ago.

Such a good Christian, Mike Pence. It’s like that thing about not bearing false witness never happened.

Moses who?

This guy is the best advertising atheists could hope for.

Beware tech journalists: many now become target of hackers



If you are a journalist/blogger who writes about computer security issues — or really any controversial topic in the human rights, international politics, or similar possibly sensitive arenas — you might start thinking now about what you might do if bad actors in the hacking community try to censor your writing by bringing down your web site.

How might they do that? It’s fairly easy from a technical standpoint, but you don’t even have to know computer code to do it. You can simply hire any number of companies around the world who specialize in DDoS or Distributed Denial of Service attacks.

For a fee, these companies will marshal the power of computers around the world which they have hijacked any number of ways in order to have those servers overwhelm your web site servers as all those computer around the world send millions of hits to your site over and over again. 

Security expert Brian Krebs writes about these issues and some of his coverage has concentrated on these usually small operations which do this kind of thing for a fee. His writing most likely contributed to the arrests of two young Israeli hackers who ran a DDoS service-for-fee operation that turned out to be the source of a huge number of those attacks.

Good for Krebs. But bad for his internet service provider (ISP) , which had to deal with as yet unknown bad actors who set out to bring Krebs’s web site down

We pick up the story from Engadget — which, btw, also has excellent coverage of these issues:

Journalists are no stranger to making enemies bent on retaliation. However, it’s becoming increasingly difficult to survive that retaliation in internet era… just ask security writer Brian Krebs. An unknown party knocked his website offline last week with a massive distributed denial of service attack (620Gbps of non-stop data) as revenge for exposing two major cyberattack sellers who’ve since been arrested. He’s only back online after taking advantage of Google’s Project Shield, which protects journalists against censorship-oriented denial of service campaigns. His previous anti-DDoS provider, Akamai, had little choice but to drop him — the company tells the Boston Globe that a sustained attack on that level would have cost the company “millions.”

The campaign might not have required an elaborate effort, either. Krebs believes that the attackers took advantage of a botnet made up of hacked Internet of Things devices like DVRs, home internet routers and security cameras, many of which have poor or even unchangeable passwords. A larger attack recently played havoc with a French web host using similar tactics. There’s also the chance that the culprits used spoofing, which magnifies attacks by tricking machines into sending reply messages to the victim.

This might all seem like arcane geek speak to most people, but it is an increasing problem, not least because anyone can do it if they are willing to pay not huge sums of money to bring down web sites of business rivals, companies with whom someone is unhappy, or just that abortion service provider or non-profit agency whose web site and mission offend you. If you write anything controversial on a regular basis, you might be one of the next targets.

What can you do if it happens to you? 

First of all, be prepared to have your ISP cancel your account. Defense against these attacks can run into the six figures and you are most likely not that important to their overall business plan.

So you’d better have a backup plan, which includes redundant complete backups of your web sites and its assorted databases. Check with your hosting provider to see that this is done on a regular basis, but you should also consider having a third-party offsite backup of another sort.

You might also check into Google’s Project Shield — “protecting news from digital attacks” — a free security service for usually small sites with coverage of possibly controversial issues.  Project Shield took control of Kreb’s DNS servers and is now protecting him as best as they can with proprietary technology devised by Google. 




Odds stacked against Laquan McDonald day he was born


The Department of Children and Family Services (DCFS) is supposed to be the last line of defense for children from backgrounds of poverty and neglect.

Yet that agency is consistently underfunded, its employees overworked, and the community agencies with which it does business have had to fight to stay open thanks to GOP Gov. Bruce Rauner’s holding of the Illinois state budget hostage merely because he wants to stick it to unions and the state Legislature is resisting. That ongoing battle has brought about repeated funding crises at non-profits across the state and many of them have closed. 

It is this milieu into which children desperately scarred by drug-addicted parents and years of neglect through abuse both physical and emotional are thrust to very nearly, at times, fend for themselves.

It is also within DCFS where Laquan McDonald, the angry, developmentally disabled young man shot by now-indicted Chicago Police Department Officer Jason Van Dyke, was languishing on the day he was shot on Oct. 20, 2014. 

Laquan McDonald in his graduation photo.
Laquan McDonald in his graduation photo.

Video released by  the administration of Mayor Rahm Emanuel more than a year after the shooting — and then only after a judge ordered it — show that McDonald was shot 16 times by Officer Van Dyke despite the fact that McDonald was holding only a small folding knife as he was walking away from Van Dyke.

The backstory to Laquan McDonald’s life is one of abuse and neglect and failed chances to help turn his troubled life around. He was angry and lost. On a questionnaire administered to him by social services officials he answered “bad” when asked to describe the world in one word.

He was asked to do the same thing — one word — in response to the question: Most children get _______? Normally children answer “toys” or “food” or “love” or some positive aspect of their lives. McDonald said “punched.”

Yet Laquan McDonald was one of 11 children in DCFS care who have been killed by the gunfire of Chicago’s streets over a two-year period. (These 11 were the ones uncovered who were wards of the state, and this number does not include those who might have been involved with DCFS yet still with their families.)

Their stories are often sadly similar. Drug addicted parents. Born with drugs in their blood. Suffering from developmentally disabling amounts of lead in their blood, a problem not rectified in the decades officials have known about the devastating effect it has on developing brains of babies and young children.

People ask why desperately poor kids turn to gangs, guns and selling drugs. The answer is terribly complicated and varies in many aspects from child to child. But sometimes it’s as simple as having disabilities from being born to drug-addicted mothers — disabilities that confound them in underfunded school programs. Then they drift aimlessly and turn to gangs to belong somewhere — anywhere — but their loveless, dysfunctional home lives.

Take the case of 14-year-old Rashad Oliver, who was shot in the head on Jan. 25, 2015, minutes after leaving a friend’s home in south Riverdale. The Chicago Tribune article says, “The friend told police Oliver was rushing to make an 8 p.m. curfew set by his foster mom. It was his fifth foster home in less than five years.”

The Trib goes on to note: 

The boy had a long history of physical abuse, including being burned and hit with belts and extension cords, the inspector general said. His family at times lived in homeless shelters as his parents dealt with substance abuse problems, the report said.

In August 2010, the state took the children into protective custody after police found them living in an abandoned house in Maywood without working utilities or running water and with maggots, roaches and mold. The goal was for the family to be reunited once the parents completed treatment and could provide better care, but when that didn’t happen, the children remained in the system.

Oliver moved between three foster homes that first month because of his aggressive behavior and unwillingness to follow directions. He found stability away from his siblings in a new foster home in South Holland, but due to an undisclosed licensing issue, workers removed him after six months.

“This move was described (by Oliver) as upsetting and traumatic,” the report said.

He did well during his final placement in Riverdale. But the foster mother whom he had forged a bond with since April 2013 was moving to Tennessee. He was scheduled to move in with another foster family — his sixth — the week after he died.

I grew up in foster and group homes. By the end of it I was so angry I had dysfunctional relationships with just about everyone in my life. But I was a white kid who, after I was removed from my parents’ care, spent time in upper middle class communities where I nonetheless bounced from foster home to foster home and all manner of institutions in-between.

Even with those advantages I spent much of my life being unable to fully connect with people and turning to drugs to combat my demons. It was only through the love and determination of some very dedicated and loving friends that I was able to overcome these chains I carried for so long.

But let’s be clear about this because it is very important: I was not in a poverty-stricken neighborhood where drugs, gangs and guns were common. I cannot imagine being faced with being a foster child, in addition to the burden of those extra, difficult-to-surmount, hurdles.

Something has to change if we are to save Chicago’s poor South Side neighborhoods and all poor neighborhoods around the country. These kids do not deserve these sad, short violent lives merely by having the bad luck to have been born into the wrong social strata in the richest country in the world.

Following the November 27th protest march down Michigan Ave (Magnificent Mile) for Laquan McDonald who was shot 16 times & killed by a Chicago Police Officer who has since been charged. Protests erupted after video of the incident was released to the public.  (Photo: nixerKG/Flickr)
Following the November 27th protest march down Michigan Ave (Magnificent Mile) for Laquan McDonald who was shot 16 times & killed by a Chicago Police Officer who has since been charged. Protests erupted after video of the incident was released to the public. (Photo: niXerKG/Flickr)


Are white supremacists getting jobs in law enforcement?

One redacted page from a 2006 report on white supremacist infiltration of law enforcement.
One redacted page from a 2006 report on white supremacist infiltration of law enforcement.

As far back as 2006 (and before) federal officials have been warning of efforts by white supremacists to infiltrate law enforcement, either through having their followers apply for jobs or by recruiting among the ranks of those who are already in the field — from cops at the street level, to sworn law enforcement jobs in the U.S. government.

One of the key issues highlighted in the report is the possibility that a person who secretly shared views with white supremacists or any number of right-wing homegrown U.S. domestic terrorist groups might someday infiltrate into a position where they are called upon to protect, for example, a federal elected official. 

Say, perhaps, the country’s first black or woman president or their families?

Or perhap a white supremacist on the inside could keep right-wing terrorist groups informed of efforts by law enforcement to keep tabs on them.

If it was considered enough of a problem back then, it’s likely safe to assume that it’s only gotten worse considering both the meteoric rise of right-wing hate groups in the U.S., and the emboldenment their followers must feel with the rise of Donald Trump.

After all, the largest police organization in the country just endorsed Trump. the most blatant racist to run for president since George Wallace. 

Just imagine that one day in the not-too-distant past this all would have been fantastical thinking out of a thriller novel. 

In the 1960's the Klan had infiltrated law enforcement so heavily that federal officials often had to step in to enforce civil rights laws since local police were so filled with KKK rot on the inside.
In the 1960’s the Klan had infiltrated law enforcement so heavily that federal officials often had to step in to enforce civil rights laws since local police were so filled with KKK rot on the inside.


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